The vast expanse of space has incredible phenomena, many of which we are yet to observe. We can see some of these phenomena from the Earth.
The growth of space exploration enables us to know what happens beyond our planet. There have been several space missions. We can observe and explore incredible places beyond our planet.
Black holes are misunderstood by the many things we have seen. Wormholes are bodies that exist by logical necessity.
We can prove they exist by understanding quantum physics, string theory, and actual simulations.
Wormholes Vs. Blackholes
Blackholes are rips in the time-space fabric that occur due to excessive warping of spacetime fabric.
Objects that cross the event horizon are pulled to the universal singularity point. Wormholes are warps with actual exit points linking distances that are light years apart.
Formation Of A Blackhole
To understand wormholes and black holes, you must try to view the universe as a 4D fabric. Objects in space warp the fabric by generating a gravitational pull.
Consequently, objects in space cause other less heavy objects to drop onto the fabric dent. As a result, objects move concentrically around them. It is what we call orbiting.
Logically, a heavier object causes a greater warp and obits a less heavy object.
Picture a star in space creating its warp in the fabric of space. Eventually, the star collapses at the end of its lifespan.
Collapsing stars implode due to the star’s internal gravitational forces. It results in greater warping.
The aftermath rips an actual hole in the fabric of spacetime.
The hole is tiny, but the mass is estimated to be more than a million times that of Earth. The gravity is also significantly larger.
The hole generates a massive pull enough to attract any object into it. Light cannot travel through a black hole. The event horizon is around a black hole where it is impossible to escape the pull.
Formation Of A Wormhole
To understand wormholes, you need to picture the fabric of space as a multidimensional platform. The entirety of space consists of two elements space and time.
Picture two objects in space on a vertical plane, about ten light years apart. These two objects are connected by a virtual fabric, one on top of the other on a curve overlay.
Now picture a cylindrical gateway through the fabric. The gateway allows you to move between the points instantaneously.
The gateways are wormholes. They allow you to move between two points faster than the speed of light.
We can conclude that wormholes exist because of the theory of general relativity.
Types Of Wormholes
There are different kinds of wormholes, and they exhibit different characteristics. These wormholes are:
1. Einstein’s Rosenberg Bridges
Einstein theorized that objects don’t necessarily end up at the universal singularity point in a black hole.
Objects get pushed through to a point where the hole has an exit point. The other side is a mirror universe.
At the exit point, the spacetime continuum is incredibly different. Time on the exit point moves backward rather than unfolding in a forward linear manner.
The opening, on the other, is the opposite of a black hole. Instead of absorbing objects, it spills them out.
The opening is a white hole, and it expands rapidly. It creates a big bang-like event in the mirror universe.
Is it possible to traverse a Rosenberg Bridge? Some theoretical physicists say that it might not be possible to traverse the bridge.
They believe that at some point, it collapses on itself. It means that objects that cross the event horizon will, in all likelihood, end up stuck at our universe’s singularity point.
2. Traversable Worm Holes
Traversable wormholes are likely under one of the versions of string theory. After the big bang, space time warped rapidly before eventually becoming stable.
These warps are called quantum fluctuations, occurring at a sub-atomic scale. The quantum fluctuations created billions, if not trillions, of wormholes.
Picture spacetime as a rippled sheet with very fine microtears. The fine microtears get linked by a network of delicate cosmic strings.
The network of strings is not necessarily interconnected as one. There are several channels distinct from each other.
These cosmic strings were stretched lightyears apart. Stretching occurred as the universe expanded from the big bang point.
3. Theoretic Manmade Wormholes
These are probabilistic versions of wormholes that we may create. To have a wormhole, the biggest challenge would be to keep both ends open and large enough.
Gravitational attraction in the universe occurs because items have mass. Naturally, heavier objects pull in lighter ones, like our solar system.
The sun pulls the planets in, which are the satellites.
To create wormholes and counteract the attraction, we need particles with negative mass. Note that negatively charged sub-particles are not objects with negative mass. Antimatter also doesn’t have a negative mass.
Objects with negative mass are repulsive. Particles with negative mass could then theoretically weave through quantum fluctuations. They could create stable openings that allow us to form a network.
Types Of Blackholes
There are many types of black holes in the universe. They are:
Primordial black holes were formed at the very beginning of the big bangs. You do not necessarily need kilotons of material to implode for black holes to form.
You need objects dense enough to form a tear in the time-space continuum.
When the universe was still new, clusters of materials and particles could form at certain points. The points create a region of density that is heavier than its surroundings.
Since the spacetime fabric was relatively delicate, the quantum ripples were active.
It is possible that the material clusters could have formed several black holes. The black holes were no thicker than the diameter of a human hair.
Despite their sizes, the black holes have their event horizons where light can’t escape.
Stellar-mass black holes
Stroller black holes are the most common. These black holes are formed when megastars implode.
Internal gravitational forces cause collapsing stars to collapse.
As a result, there is more warping. The aftermath tears a real hole in spacetime’s fabric.
Although the hole is tiny, its mass might be more than a million times that of the Earth. The gravitational force also gets multiplied by a factor of ten.
The hole exerts a powerful attraction that will suck anything into it. A black hole is impenetrable to light. The event horizon is the region around a black hole where it is impossible to escape the gravitational pull.
Not all stars implode and become stellar-mass black holes. The stars have to be large and have a lot of matter.
Intermediate black holes
These are larger black holes than stellar-mass black holes. They are not large enough to be Supermassive black holes.
The intermediate black holes occur when two stellar-mass black holes contact and become one giant black hole.
The gravitational field strength of the merging black holes increases. The size of the event horizon also increases.
Intermediate black holes may also occur when several smaller primordial blackholes fuse with a stellar-mass black hole. It creates a giant black hole. Intermediate black holes are the rarest kind in the universe.
Supermassive black holes are huge. These are the black holes you find at the center of massive solar systems. They cause the tangential spin of these systems.
Supermassive blackholes isolate entire solar systems and give them their directional properties. Entire spiral solar systems orbit the black holes the same way our planet orbits the sun.
Objects closer to the event horizon have shorter orbital paths. Objects that get pulled in go to the universal singularity point. They might also get pulled through to a new universe that emerges from a white hole.
The gravitational field strength of Supermassive blackholes ultimately determines the overall size of a spiral galaxy.
Dense blackholes create massive galaxies, and these galaxies keep growing and collecting new bodies.
Quasars are several times larger than Supermassive blackholes. These black holes start as supermassive but continue to gather and absorb materials.
When black holes absorb materials, they continue to grow. Think of it as someone pushing objects through a hole in a blanket.
The spacetime fabric continues to tear, and the size continues to grow till we eventually have Quasars.
Quasars have millions of times the mass and the gravitational pull of supermassive blackholes. These objects emit X-rays, radio waves, and UV around the event horizon.
They appear to be starlike when observed through telescopes.
Blackholes are one of the most misunderstood bodies in space. Through our grasp of quantum physics, string theory, and accurate simulations, wormholes are bodies that exist by logical necessity.
Natural wormholes and black holes exist, and studies are underway to comprehend and interpret them. They have some similarities, yet they are vastly different.